The Centre on the problems of ecology and productivity of forests (CEPF), was established in December, 1991. A «necessity of co-ordination of scientific researches in Russia and development of international scientific and technical collaboration on the problems of ecology of forests, monitoring of forest ecosystems, saving of the biological variety and gene pool of forest vegetation, increase of the re-creation and environment protecting functions of the forest», became the purpose of it’s establishment.
The academician Alexander Sergeyevich Ysaev is the organiser of the CEPF. Presently
director of Centre is doctor of agriculture science Georgy Nikolaevich Korovin.
The Centre carries out the
development and co-ordination of the use of the newest geoinformational
technologies for researches of the biosphere and the resource role of forests of
Russia in conditions of the global changes. CEPF solves the series of the
fundamental and applied problems including the research of the large-scale
processes in forests of Russia, saving of the biological variety, optimisation
of the forest management, design of the generic process.
Joint with the Institute of the Space Researches of the RAS (YKY RAS), the new
technologies of aerospace methods of monitoring of the forests and estimation of
their state, based on the remote sensing of the forest cover in different ranges
of electromagnetic spectrum, are developed by the Centre.In these aims, the
space pictures of a different permission are used, proper to the parameters of
the explored forest objects - from separate trees to the large
nature-territorial complexes, that allows to solve of the concrete tasks.
CEPF jointly with the Incorporated Scientific Centre of the European Union (JRC,
Italy), on the basis of the SPOT/VEGETATION pictures, was succeeded to create
the electronic map of the natural ecosystems of north Eurasia. On this map, the
different categories of the land resources are identified: forests, bogs,
steppes, agricultural lands and other components of the ground ecosystems. The
database fixed in basis of the map allows to get the high-quality and
quantitative descriptions of parameters of the forest fund of Russia, necessary
for estimation of the productive and ecological functions of the forests.
Researchers of the Centre have developed of the methodical bases of the
estimation of carbon budget of the forests, and their influence on concentration
of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The estimation of concentration of the
carbon in the forests of Russia, and rates of it’s depositing by the forest
vegetation, is carried out.Norms, allowing to estimate detrit pools and streams
of the carbon in the forests of Russia are created, and also possibilities to
increase of the carbon potential of the forests, owing to the large-scale
projects of forest cultivation and re-cultivation, are exposed. Researches of
the Centre in area of carbon cycle in the boreal forests, on principle needed
for planning of domestic forest policy. They were used in the National reports
on the problem of change of climate and on the negotiations on Kyoto protocol.
Within the framework of research of problems of the biological variety of the
forests by scientists of the CEPF, the analytical system of estimation of
biodiversity of the forest cover of European Russia, is created. This system
includes the detailed description of the basic types of the boreal forests, and
also the certificate databases and the algorithms of estimation of their
specific, structural and typological variety. The estimation of biodiversity of
the preserved territories of the central part of European Russia, based on
conception of hierarchical continuity of the vegetable cover, is given. The
value of the ecotopic, phytocenotic, zoogenic and anthropogenic factors for the
maintenance of the biodiversity, is exposed. The conception of the potential
flora of the separate spatial units of the forest cover is formed, the prognosis
of development of the forest cover at the preserved mode is done. The role of
different management methods in the maintenance of the biodiversity, is shown.
With the purpose of adaptation to the modern terms of organisation of the
science in Russia and selection of the optimum directions of scientific search
by the Centre, the modernisation of the informative providing of researches is
carried out, the necessary conditions for work of the scientific collective are
created, the implementation of the field experimental works is well-to-do.
The CEPF has the wide international communications, and it executes the
important co-ordinating role on realisation of the international projects with
the key aerospace world agencies, including NASA and the European Space Agency.
The Centre has the close communication with the leading universities and forest
institutes of higher education of Russia, it renders an assistance in conducting
and perfection of educational process.
The Centre on the
problems of ecology and productivity of forests substantially influences on the
forming of state policy in area of forestry and the rational forest management.
By the certificate of claim of the results of it’s fundamental researches, there
is implementation of the special purpose planned tasks within the framework of
Programs of the Presidium of RAS, the MNR programs, numerous grants of the RFFY,
FTSP «Integration», and the international projects.